5 Medicines You Should Have in Pregnancy ;

Pregnancy is the most sensitive & watchful period of human’s life . Waiting for the new member & the excitement of the new parents is unmatchable. So in the dire need of the ultimate care few medication are necessary to be taken.

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Folic Acid :

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Also called as Vitamin B9 or Folate , water soluble vitamin . Hence a constant external uptake is required . It is started 3 months before the conception of pregnancy and should be continued till 12 weeks of pregnancy , There is no problem in continuing Folic acid till whole pregnancy . Folic acid helps body in the following mechanism;

  1. Making & Repairing of DNA.
  2. Helps cells grow , divide & work properly.
  3. Maturation of the cell & cell development .
  4. Neural tube formation in fetus .

Foods rich in Folic acid are as follow:

  1. Asparagus
  2. Legumes
  3. Citrus fruit
  4. Eggs
  5. Broccoli
  6. Kale

Folate Deficiency can lead to many health problem ;

  1. Anaemia ( Megaloblastic anaemia ).
  2. Increased risk of heart disease, certain cancer .
  3. Neural tube disease in developing fetus ex. Spina bifida .

RECOMMENDED DAILY ALLOWANCE ; It is the amount of particular mineral that should be daily consumed in order to maintain good health.

ADULTS; 400 mcg daily

CHILDREN; 200 mcg daily

PREGNANT LADY; 600 mcg daily

LACTATING; 500 mcg daily

Monitoring of folate levels in pregnancy;

Regularly Haemoglobin checkup , peripheral smear examination should be done; Generally the level of hb should not be less than 11 mg/dl in pregnant lady , so with proper monitoring we can exclude ANAEMIA & types of Anaemia . So we can treat it accordingly.

If haemoglobin values come below 11 mg/dl then IRON PROFILE should mandatory to be done in starting of every trimester and just before delivery .


Most important micronutrient in the body . It is extremely necessary for blood cell synthesis and the following;

  1. Iron is important constituent of Myoglobin present in muscles, collagen & numerous enzymes
  2. It is the important constituent of haemoglobin which is required for the transportation of oxygen.
  3. Maintains the healthy Immune System .

During pregnancy blood volume increases but the number of cell have not increased so the ratio of blood volume to blood cell is very high , hence dilution of blood is seen called as HAEMODILUTION.

If this haemodilution if not corrected ,it will lead to Iron deficiency Anaemia & Circulatory failure in mother and also affect adversely to the developing fetus.

Symptoms of iron deficiency seen in pregnant lady are as follow ;

  1. Fatigue , extreme lethargy in the expectant mother can be seen.
  2. Breathing problem due to circulatory failure caused due to haemodilution which in turn lead to circulatory overload .
  3. Myalgia; Muscle pain is called myalgia.
  4. Generalized edema .

High Iron Containing food

  1. Red meat
  2. Fish
  3. Poultry
  4. Chicken
  5. Chick pea
  6. Tofu
  7. Lentils
  8. Green pea
  9. Tomato Juice

Food inhibiting the absorption of Iron are

  1. Dairy
  2. Tannins
  3. Eggs

Food increasing the absorption of Iron are

  1. Vitamin c
  2. Chicken
  3. Beta Carotene

Recommended daily allowance of Iron;

  1. Pregnant women ; 27 milligrams of Iron per day
  2. Non Pregnant women ; 15 milligrams of Iron per day

Calcium ;

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Calcium is recognised for the normal development of the bones & teeth . It is present in tissue , body fluids & has various functions including ;

1. Muscle strength

2. Nerve conductivity

3. Excitability

4. Blot & clotting Mechanism.

5. It’s Deficiency is associated with the increased risk of Pre-eclampsia & preterm birth in the expectant mother.

Calcium is not synthesized in the body hence it should be supplied from outside from food , dairy & milk .

It should be started in the second trimester , and should be continued throughout the pregnancy . Recommended daily allowance for calcium in adult female is – 800 mg , pregnant & Nursing women – 1200 mg.

For developing fetus calcium is of extreme importance helps in development of tissue , bone , teeth generally a overall development , After delivery the role of calcium providing is done by the breast milk.

Food containing high calcium are as follow;

  1. Dairy Food
  2. Nuts
  3. Milk
  4. Soyadrink
  5. Green leafy vegetables
  6. Fish
  7. Bacon.

Vitamin D In Pregnancy ;

Enough Vitamin D is required in pregnancy for both developing fetus and the expectant mother . During pregnancy Vitamin D support the immune system , bones , muscles & teeth . Also responsible for

1. Absorption for other minerals calcium & phosphate .

2. Its avoids preterm birth , promotes healthy birth .

3. Decreases the risk Pre- eclampsia.{ back links}

Symptoms of Vitamin d defeiciency;

  1. Fatigue
  2. Hair wastage
  3. Myalgia
  4. Depression
  5. Joint pain

Recommended daily allowance for pregnant lady 600 IU.


All the medications should be undertaken under the supervision of the medical practitioner. With all the proper history and follow up . Every antenatal patient should be booked to his visiting doctors with proper number of visits . None of the patient should rely on the online data and information and should always consult the doctor before continuing and discontinuing any medication.

How to calculate pregnancy ?

Ans. Its is calculated from the last menstrual period (LMP) and then we add 9 months +/- 7 days . i.e Naegele’s formula

What is the earliest symptoms of pregnancy ?

Ans. Missing of period with positive urine pregnancy test& Ultrasonography report of uterus.

Do you want to know domestic & safe ways to remove bugs from house?

Ans. 7 Quick ways , do follow.

What week would pregnancy symptoms start?

Ans. Generally, within first month of missing periods , then various symptoms starts showing varying upon person to person like nausea , headache & dizziness.

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